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In our previous blog post, we discussed some word pairs commonly misspelled in Vietnamese, often due to a lack of awareness about their origins. This time, we will explore the issue of confusing homonyms and ways to resolve this problem. Let’s delve into some classic examples.

Scripted by
Mai Nguyen

Chuyện – Truyện

I recently came across an intriguing article on Zing News by the talented author, Mộc Uyển, who skillfully plays with words in the title, “Truyện ma hay chuyện lòng người” (Ghost stories or stories of people’s hearts). Unless you intentionally emphasize the correct spelling, the pronunciation of these two words is nearly identical. “Chuyện” refers to a factual account narrated, while “Truyện” denotes a systematically written story. As demonstrated in the title mentioned above, a “ghost story” is a story that is written down, whereas a “story of people’s hearts” is shared through narration.

Giành – Dành

Another frequently confused word pair is “giành” and “dành,” causing confusion for many individuals. While “dành” carries a positive meaning, such as “saving” something or indicating that an action is “for” a specific object or purpose, “giành” has a slightly more negative connotation. It implies a sense of “competition” or the need to exert effort to “win” something.

To distinguish between these two words, here’s a helpful trick: “dành” is exclusively used when referring to an object possessed by oneself. On the other hand, “giành” indicates the opposite situation, where the object in question is not owned by oneself.

Dịu – Diệu

For individuals in the Southern region, distinguishing between the words “dịu” and “diệu” can often rely on visually seeing the word or understanding the context. Although these two adjectives share a similar pronunciation, they have distinct meanings with no other similarities.

“Dịu” is an adjective that describes something that exudes comfort and gentleness. It signifies a sense of softness or lightness in character or experience. On the other hand, “Diệu” carries the meaning of something incredibly lovely or wonderfully remarkable.

Mùi – Muồi

The confusion surrounding the words “mùi” and “muồi” is another challenge that people in the Southern region often encounter. “Mùi” is a noun that refers to a “scent” or an aroma that can be detected through the sense of smell. It is used to describe various smells or odors that can be perceived. On the other hand, “Muồi” is an adjective that denotes the maturity or ripeness of an object or phenomenon. It implies a state of development or being fully grown.

The Cause of Confusion

The root cause of the confusion surrounding these word pairs lies in the Vietnamese language’s phonetic nature and the dialect variations that exist across different regions. It’s important to note that these variations can influence how words are pronounced and understood.

For instance, in northern provinces, the sounds “ch/tr” and “d/gi” may be pronounced similarly or indistinguishably. This can lead to confusion when encountering words that rely on these sounds to convey different meanings.

Similarly, in the Southern region, there is often no distinction made between rhymes such as “iu/ieu” or “ui/uoi.” This lack of differentiation in pronunciation can further contribute to the confusion between words that may appear similar in spelling but carry distinct meanings.

Image by Tiếng Việt giàu đẹp

Giải pháp:

To navigate the confusion caused by these homonym pairs, it is essential to consider the context and use case, as highlighted earlier. Additionally, familiarizing oneself with the spelling rules in Vietnamese can greatly enhance understanding of how letters come together in the language.

You can find valuable resources on spelling rules on the following pages:

Utilizing spell-checker features available in software like Microsoft Word or Google Docs can be helpful during editing. However, it’s important to note that the accuracy of such tools may vary.

Dictionaries are also valuable resources for looking up unfamiliar words. However, it’s advisable to ensure the credibility and reliability of a dictionary before using it.

An indirect but practical approach to improving spelling is through reading. Engaging with books and texts expands knowledge and gradually enhances vocabulary and familiarity with correct spellings.

Kết luận:

In conclusion, let us remember that while regional pronunciations may differ, the spelling of words remains a constant in the Vietnamese language. We must remain vigilant in preserving the purity of our language and avoid intentionally misspelling words, as this can lead to their widespread adoption and have immeasurable consequences for future generations, potentially even endangering the very existence of Vietnamese.

At Hansem Vietnam, we take great pride in our exceptional team of translators, whose profound linguistic expertise allows us to provide high-quality localized content that captures the essence of the original message and embraces the rich tapestry of diverse cultures. We firmly believe that “every word matters,” and through our services, Hansem Vietnam empowers you to speak confidently and effectively to the world.

Together, let us celebrate the beauty and integrity of the Vietnamese language and ensure its enduring legacy for generations to come. Trust Hansem Vietnam to be your language partner in this vital journey.

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